Museum Folkwang
  • Paul Gangolf: ›Metropolis‹, 1922
    Image Series of 9 Lithografies on the theme ›Metropolis‹

  • Paul Gangolf (real name Paul Loewy) was an autodidact and, apart from painting, his main interest was in graphic work. As of 1914 Gangolf produced his first Expressionist woodcuts in which he reflected, amongst other things, on his experiences as a soldier in the First World War. At the beginning of the 1920s he also published several portfolios. Gangolf’s most important works include a portfolio produced in 1923, ›Großstadt‹ (City) and a series published by Malikverlag, ›Metropolis‹.
    In a review in ›Das Kunstblatt‹ the same year, Gustav Schiefler published an in-depth appreciation of the pictorial sequence and described the artist’s method of working as follows: »He has covered the block with broad chalk strokes, thus producing a base and a scaffolding from which he has scraped off the areas of light and bright spaces with a needle and a scraper, spreading out a kind of shimmering fabric over the dark parts of the background.« In terms of style this sequence of nine lithographs displays a certain similarity to the work of George Grosz, particularly in the figure scenes.
    Gustav Schiefler and Paul Gangolf agreed that Schiefler would produce a catalogue raisonné of Gangolf’s prints – as he had done before for the print oeuvre of Max Liebermann, Edvard Munch, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Emil Nolde. This too evidences Schiefler’s high opinion of Gangolf’s oeuvre. Schiefler’s death in 1935 put an end to these already far advanced plans. That same year Gangolf was arrested in Berlin for criticizing the regime and was detained in a concentration camp for some time. He later emigrated to Portugal and was shot dead at the border attempting to return to Germany illegally in 1939.
  • Exh_Title_S: Paul Gangolf: ›Metropolis‹, 1922
    Image Series of 9 Lithografies on the theme ›Metropolis‹
  • Exh_Id: 537
  • Exh_Comment_S (Verantw): Department of Prints and Drawings
  • Exh_SpareNField01_N (Verantw ID): 186
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